THIRD CAVALRY


The Third Cavalry, recruited at the same time, and in rendezvous at the same place as the Second, left Grand Rapids November 28th, 1861, with 1,163 names on its muster-in rolls. It was at Benton Barracks, St. Louis, during the winter, and has since participated in engagements at New Madrid, March 13, 1862; Farmington, June 5; Iuka, September 19, Corinth, October 3 and 4; Hatchie, October 6; Spangler’s Mills, July 26; Bay Springs, September 10; Holly Springs, November 7; Lumkin’s Mills, November 29; Oxford, December 2; Coffeeville, December 5; and in the seiges of Island No. 10 and Corinth. Besides what have been taken while co-operating with other regiments, the 3d has captured 3 Lieutenant-Colonels, 2 Majors, 13 Captains, 19 Lieutenants and 1,249 Privates.

On the 30th of November, the strength of the regiment was 971. It was stationed on the 13th of December, at Water Valley, Mississippi. The Officers are:

 

Name Rank Date

John K. Mizner Colonel March 7, 1862
------- ----------- Lt. Colonel -------- --
Gilbert Moyers Major February 27, 1862
Thomas Saylor Major July 12, 1862
Lyman G. Wilcox Major October 1, 1862
------- --------- Chaplain

 

This regiment has been actively engaged during the year in Western Tennessee and Northern Mississippi. Some of the principal battles and skirmishes in which the regiment has participated since November 1st, 1862, occurred at Hudsonville, Nov. 14, 1862; Holly Springs, Nov. 19th; Lumkkin’s Mills, Nov. 30th; Oxford, Dec. 2d; Coffeeville, Dec. 5th; Brownsville, January 14th, 1863; Clifton, Feb’y 20th; Panola, July 20th; Grenada, Aug. 14th; Byhalia, Oct. 12th, and Wyatt’s Ford, Tallahatchie River, Oct. 13th, 1863. In addition to these principal engagements, the regiment has participated in a large number of skirmishes of minor importance. In the affair at Grenade, the Third was in the advance. It gained possession of the town after a sharp engagement, and immediately commenced the destruction of the enemy’s machinery and rolling stock, accumulated at this point. Over sixty locomotives, and more than four hundred cars were destroyed. At Byhalia and Wyatt’s Ford, the regiment was warmly engaged. In these actions, the enemy was completely routed, with large loss. The Third Cavalry aided largely in driving the notorious rebels, Richardson, Dawson and Cushman from West Tennessee, together with numerous bands of guerrillas that infested that section, and who were destroyed or dispersed by it. "Since November 1t, 1862, the regiment has captured ab aggregate of 1,100 prisoners, nearly 50 of whom were commissioned officers, making the number of 2,100 prisoners taken from the enemy by the Third, since it went into the field." "During the year, the regiment has marched a distance of 10,800 miles, exxclusive of marches by separate companies and detachments." It is armed with Colt’s five-shooting rifles and revolvers. A light battery of 12-pound howitzers, commanded by one of the officers of the Third, is attached to the regiment. During November and December, 1863, this regiment was almost constantly engaged in scouting and in various expeditions through Northern Mississippi and Western Tennessee, visiting most of the important places in that section. It had frequent encounters with the enemy’s forces under Generals Forrest and Chalmers. Engagements and skirmishes in which the regiment participated, occurred at Ripley, Miss., November 29th, Orizaba, Miss., November 30th, Ellistown, Miss., December 3d, Purdy, Tenn., December 22d and Jack’s Creek, Tenn., December 24th. During the period mentioned the regiment is reported to have marched over one thousand miles. On the 1st of January, 1864, the Third arrived at LaGrange, Tenn., where it commenced building winter quarters. On the 19th January, the required number re-enlisted, and on the 27th were mustered in as veteran volunteers. On the 29th the regiment left LaGrange for Michigan, arriving at Detroit on the 7th of February. The regiment rendezvoused at Kalamazoo at the expiration of its furlough of thirty days, where it was joined by a large number of recruits. Leaving Kalamazoo, it proceeded to St. Louis, Mo. It remained there nearly two months awaiting the arrival of horses, arms and equipments. During the greater portion of this time it was employed on provost duty in the city. Although still dismounted, the regiment left St. Louis on the 18th of May, and proceeded to Little Rock, Ark., where it arrived on the 24th and reported to Maj. Gen. Steele. It was mounted on the 1sst August, and soon thereafter became engaged in scouting through the State. It assisted in driving the rebel General Shelby beyond the Arkansas River, in dispersing the bands of guerrillas that infested the country, and captured over 800 head of cattle. The regiment is now armed with the Spencer repeating carbine, and on the 1st of November, 1864, was stationed at Brownsville, Ark.

The regiment is in the 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Corps. John K. Mizner, Colonel, March 7, 1862.

THIRD CAVALRY

During the months of November, 1864, and February, 1865, this regiment constituted the garrison of the post at Brownsville Station, on the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad, and was also occupied in scouting along the line of that road, making several expeditions as far south as Arkansas Post, on the Arkansas river, collecting large droves of cattle, and thereby furnishing nearly all the beef required for the supply of the entire army, then serving in the Department of Arkansas. At Brownsville Station the regiment erected a complete set of winter quarters and stables, so neatly and tastefully arranged as to present the appearance of an important town, which attracted so much attention as to result in a change of its name from "Brownstown Station," to "Michigan City." The very active duty of the regiment at that time was so conducive to the health of the men, that 1,008 were reported present for duty, and less than three per cent, were on the sick list. Early in February the regiment was selected to constitute part of a division then being organized for active and important service in early spring, and was assigned to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, and moved to Brownsville. On the 14th of March the brigade was transferred from the Department of Arkansas to the Military Division of West Mississippi, to join the troops Major General Canby, designed to operate against Mobile, and the regiment proceeded by steamer to New Orleans, arriving at Carrolton, La., March 23d, and embarked for Mobile early in April. After the fall of Mobile, it was employed on outpost duty until the surrender of the Confederate forces east of the Mississippi river, when the regiment Was selected as the escort of Major General Canby on the occasion of his receiving the formal surrender of the rebel General Taylor and his army. It left Mobile May 8, and marched across the country to Baton Rouge, La., reaching there on the 22d. When Major General Sheridan assumed the command of the Military Division of the Southwest, the regiment was selected and ordered to report to him for duty, and was immediately prepared to join the expedition to Texas, and left Baton Rouge for Shreveport, June 10th, and commenced its march into Texas from the latter place July 10th, traversing two-thirds the breadth of that State, arriving on the 2d of August at San Antonio. At that point the regiment was stationed, performing garrison duty and employed in the necessary, scouting for the protection of the frontier as far as the Rio Grande, on the Mexican border, and in furnishing escorts for supply trains. The regiment comprised a part of the 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Military Division of the Gulf, and its head-quarters at San Antonio until February 15th, 1866, when it was dismounted, mustered out of service, and proceeded, via Victoria, to Indianola, on foot, and thence by steamer to New Orleans and Cairo, where it took rail for Jackson, Mich., arriving there March 10th, and on the 15th was paid off and disbanded.

Location Date

New Madrid, Mo. March 13, 1862
Siege of Island No. 10, Mo. March 14 to April 7, 1862
Farmington, Miss. May 5, 1862
Spangler’s Mills, Miss. July 26, 1862
Bay Spring, Miss. Sept. 10, 1862
Iuka, Miss. Sept. 19, 1862
Corinth, Miss. Oct. 3, 4, 1862
Hatchie, Miss. Oct. 6, 1862
Holly Springs, Miss. Nov. 7, 1862
Hudsonville, Miss. Novv. 14, 1862
Lumkin’s Mills, Miss. Nov. 29, 1862
Oxford, Miss. Dec. 2, 1862
Coffeeville, Miss. Dec. 5, 1862
Brownsville, Miss. Jan. 14, 1863
Clifton, Miss. Feb. 10, 1863
Panola, Miss. July 20, 1863
Grenada, Miss. Aug. 14, 1863
Byhalia, Miss. Oct. 12, 1863
Wyatts Ford, Miss. Oct. 13, 1863
Ripley, Miss. Nov. 29, 1863
Orizaba, Miss. Nov. 30, 1863
Ellistown. Miss. Dec. 3, 1863
Purdy, Miss. Dec. 22, 1863
Jack’s Creek, Miss Dec. 24, 1863

Transcriber: Barb Jones
Created: 2 June 2010
URL: http://kent.migenweb.net/Everett1878/3rdcav.html