TENTH CAVALRY


The Tenth regiment of Michigan Cavalry has been raised during the year, under authority given by the War Department, to Hon. F. W. Kellogg. It was in rendezvous at Grand Rapids, and left its camp there on the first of December, for Lexington, Kentucky, with a force on its master-in rolls of 912, and the following commissioned officers.

Name Rank Date

Thaddeus Foote Colonel Sept. 5, 1863
Major 6th Cav.. Oct. 3, 1862
Luther S. Trowbridge Lieut. Colonel Aug. 25, 1863
Major 5th Cav, Sept. 2, 1862
Isreal C. Smith Major Aug. 23, 1863
Captain 2d Inf. Jan. 1, 1862
Cicero Newell Major Aug. 19, 1863
Captain 3d Cav. April 1, 1862
1st Lieut. Sept. 7, 1861

 

The Tenth Cavalry left its rendezvous at Grand Rapids, on the 1st of December, 1863, for Lexington, Ky., whence it marched to Camp Nelson on the 13th. It here encamped until the 25th of January, 1864, when it moved to Burnside Point. It remained at this place from the 2d to the 29th of February, when it proceeded to Knoxville, and thence, March 16th, to Strawberry Plains. On the 24th of April, the regiment was ordered to proceed thence to Carterís Station, and destroy the railroad bridge over the Watauga River. Reaching Carterís Station on the 25th, after severe engagement, it drove the enemy from a strong position occupied by them, but the rebels being posted in heavy force in fortifications on the opposite bank of the river, it was impossible to destroy the bridge without great loss of life, and the regiment was directed to retire. The casualties on this engagement were three killed. Eight wounded and three missing.

On the 28th of May, 160 of the regiment engaged in a reconnaissance, proceeding to B

ullís Gap and Greenville. Encountering a force of the enemy, the battalion engaged and routed them with severe loss, killing and wounding a large number, and capturing 26 prisoners and a number of horses and mules. During the month of July and the early part of August, detachments of the regiment were constantly engaged in scouting and pursuing small bands of the enemy in East Tennessee. On the 23d, the regiment took part in an engagement with a rebel brigade, at Blue Springs, and after a sharp fight, assisted in forcing the enemy from a strong position and in driving them in confusion through Greenville. The casualties of the regiment were six wounded, two of whom died of their wounds. Having moved through Rogersville, Beanís Station and Bullís Gap, the regiment returned to Strawberry Plains on the 31st. During its absence, on the 24th, the detachment, numbering 60 men left in garrison, with about 150 from other commands, were attacked by the rebel cavalry corps under Wheeler, numbering from 6,000 to 8,000 men, with nine pieces of artillery. The Union troops made a successful defense against this force, and thus saved the post from capture, and the great railroad bridge from destruction. Eight men held the ford for three hours,, and prevented a rebel brigade from crossing, and surrendered only after they were surrounded. Three men were wounded during the day. On the same day (24th), the detachment left at Knoxville, charged a rebel regiment (11th Texas), near Flat Creek Bridge, and routed it, capturing its colonel and other prisoners, but coming suddenly on one of the enemyís cavalry divisions in line of battle, it retired. The enemy pursed, and succeeded in recapturing their men and in taking a number of prisoners from the detachment. On the 4th of September the regiment participated in the surprising and routing of Gen. John H. Morganís force at Greenville. In this engagement, Gen. Morgan was killed and a large number of his men captured, among whom were Morganís staff. On the 30th of September, the regiment assisted in driving the enemy from their position at Carterís Station. During this month it was constantly engaged in scouting and pursuing the forces of Morgan and Wheeler. In October, it was employed in picket and in scouting.

The regiment is in the 2d Brigade, 4th Division, 23d Corps, Army of the Ohio. Its officers are as follows:

Name Rank Date

Luther S. Trowbridge Colonel July 25, 1864
Lieut. Colonel August 25, 1863
Major 5th Cav. September 2, 1862
------------ --------------- Lieut. Colonel
Isreal C. Smith Major
Cicero Newell Major
John H. Standish Major

 

This regiment was stationed at Strawberry Plains, in East Tennessee, Nov 1, 1864, engaged in fortifying that point and in the usual routine of camp duty and occasional scouting. On the 16th, Gen. Breckinridge, with a large rebel force, made his appearance in front of the garrison, and on the 17th commenced a vigorous attack with artillery from the opposite side of the Holton river, and at the same time threatening it in the rear with a heavy cavalry force. Constant skirmishing and occasional artillery firing was kept up for four days, the enemy being repulsed on the 24th, when he withdrew. During the remaining portion of the month and up to Dec. 6th, the regiment was employed in constructing fortifications at that point, when, on the receipt of orders, marched to Knoxville, and soon after made an expedition to Saltville, Va., and destroyed the salt works at that point, being engaged with the enemy at Kingsport, December 12th; at Bristol, December 14th, and at Saltville, December 20th. Returning to Knoxville, it had a skirmish at Chucky Bend, January 10th, 1865. Remaining at Knoxville until March 21st, the brigade to which it was attached marched to upper East Tennessee, under the command of Brevet Brig. Gen. Palmer. Joining the expedition under Gen. Stoneman, in his raid into North Carolina, the regiment was engaged with the enemy at Brobsonís Mills on the 25th, and at Boonville, N.C., on the 27th. Proceeding via Wilkesboro and thence down to Yadkin river, in the direction of Salisbury, reaching the Tennessee and Virginia railroad at Christtiansburg, April 5th, it assisted in destroying over one hundred miles of that railroad, together with the bridges. This accomplished, the regiment made a rapid march of ninety-five miles, to Henry Court House, making the distance in twenty-two hours. At that point it became engaged with a superior force of the enemyís cavalry and infantry on the 8th, which after a brisk fight, retired, the regiment losing in the affair Lieut. Kenyon and three men, Killed, and one officer and three men severely wounded, the loss of the enemy not being ascertained. Next morning the regiment moved southward, destroying the railroad and bridges north of Salisbury, at Abbottís creek, on the 10th, encountering a superior force at that point, consisting of cavalry and infantry, which, after a very obstinate contest of three hours, retired. It was also engaged at High Point on the same day. During the day the main body of the command captured Salisbury, and destroyed a large amount of stores. The regiment was then ordered to proceed along the Catawba river, and was employed in picking up bands of rebel cavalry while endeavoring to make their escape, and was engaged in skirmishes at Saltville on the 14th, and at Newton on the 17th. Information having been received of the surrender of Johnston, the regiment commenced a scout for the purpose of intercepting Jefferson Davis, who was then supposed to be making his escape in some direction; but soon after it was ordered to proceed via Stevenson, Ala., to Tennessee, where it served until November 11th, when it was mustered out of service, at Memphis, and returned to Michigan, arriving on the 15th at Jackson.

The report of the operations of this regiment being very meager and indefinite, it is presumed that much of the services rendered by it are not covered by the foregoing sketch, as it is known to have been very actively employed.

BATTLES AND SKIRMISHES

 

House Mountain, Tenn. January, 1864
Beanís Gap, Tenn. March 26, 1864
Johnsonville, Tenn. March 25, 1864
Watanga, Tenn. March 26, 1864
Powder Spring Gap, Tenn. April 28, 1864
Dandridge, Tenn. May 19, 1864
Greenville, Tenn. May 30, 1864
White Horn, Tenn. May 31, 1864
Morristown, Tenn. Jun e 2, 1864
Beanís Station, Tenn. June 16, 1864
Rogersille, Tenn. June 17, 1864
Kingsport, Tenn. June 18, 1864
Cany Branch, Tenn. June 20, 1864
New Market, Tenn. June 21, 1864
Moseburg, Tenn. June 23, 1864
Williams Ford, Tenn. June 25, 1864
Dutch Bottom, Tenn. June 28, 1864
Sevierville, Tenn. July 5, 1864
Newport, Tenn. July 8, 1864
Morristown, Tenn. August 3, 1864
Greenville, Tenn. August 4, 1864
Mossy Creek, Tenn. August 18, 1864
Bull Gap, Tenn. August 2, 1864
Blue Spring, Tenn. August 23, 1864
Greenville, Tenn. August 23, 1864
Strawberry Plains, Tenn. August 24, 1864
Flat Creek Bridge, Tenn. August 24, 1864
Rheatown, Tenn. March 24, 1864
Jonesboro, Tenn. March 25, 1864
Rogersville, Tenn. August 27, 1864
Bull Gap, Tenn. August 29, 1864
Greenville, Tenn. September 4, 1864
Sweet Water, Tenn. September 10, 1864
Thorn Hill, Tenn. September 10, 1864
Sevierville, Tenn. September 18, 1864
Jonesboro, Tenn. September 29, 1864
Johnson Station, Tenn. October 1, 1864
Watanga Bridge, Tenn. October 1,2, 1864
Chucky Bend, Tenn. October 10, 1864
Newport, Tenn. October 18, 1864
Irish Bottom, Tenn. October 25, 1864
Madisonville, Tenn. October 30, 1864
Morristown, Tenn. November 20, 1864
Strawberry Plains, Tenn. November 23, 24, 1864
Kingsport, Tenn. December 12, 1864
Bristol, Tenn. December 14, 1864
Saltville, Va. November 20, 1864
Chucky Bend, Tenn. January 10, 1865
Brabson;s Mills, Tenn. March 25, 1865
Boonville, N.C. March 27, 1865
Henry Court House, Va. April 8, 1865
Abbott Creek, N.C. April 10, 1865
High Point, N.C. April 10, 1865
Statesville, N.C. April 14, 1865
Newton, N.C. April 17, 1865

Transcriber: Barb Jones
Created: 2 June 2010
URL: http://kent.migenweb.net/Everett1878/10thcav.html